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C. FERREIRA Complex Systems, 13 (2): 87-129, 2001

Gene Expression Programming: A New Adaptive Algorithm for Solving Problems

Expression Trees and the Phenotype
In nature, the phenotype has multiple levels of complexity, the most complex being the organism itself. But tRNAs, proteins, ribosomes, cells, and so forth, are also products of expression, and all of them are ultimately encoded in the genome. In all cases, however, the expression of the genetic information starts with transcription (the synthesis of RNA) and, for protein genes, proceeds with translation (the synthesis of proteins).

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